ARIEL (Heb. אֲרִיאֵל). (1) The name given to Jerusalem in Isaiah 29:1–2, 7, where God will bring distress upon Ariel, and will make her like an ariel (for meaning, see below). Ariel in this sense is probably connected with the form erellam in Isaiah 33:7, understood as the plural form arielim ("Jerusalemites"), parallel to "messengers of Shalom" (i.e., of Jerusalem; cf. Gen. 14:18; Ps. 76:3). (2) A cultic object in Ezekiel 43:15–16, where it occurs in the forms ariel and harel. This is apparently an altar hearth superimposed upon the base of the altar, having horns at its four corners. Alternatively, it may be viewed as the top two sections of a three-tiered altar, again with the function of a hearth. This usage has been connected by some with the ʾrʾl dwdh which mesha of Moab dragged before chemosh from a captured town (Mesha Stele, 1:12). It may also be connected with II Samuel 23:20 = I Chronicles 11:22 "The two Ariels of Moab." (3) One of the chief men summoned by Ezra in Ezra 8:16 (cf. also Gen. 46:16; Num. 26:17). The etymology of this word is the subject of some dispute. Three principal modes of interpretation have been proposed: (a) from ari-el, "lion of God" or "Great Lion." This is the most probable derivation for the personal name in Ezra; from a posited root ari, "to burn," with lamed afformative, thus meaning "hearth," similar to the Arabic ʿiratun, "hearth"; and (c) as a loanword from the Akkadian arallû-, the name for the netherworld and allegedly the world mountain. (In this view the altar is understood as a miniature ziggurat, which is taken to be the symbol of the world mountain.) However, arallû does not mean "mountain." In addition, the Akkadian, a loanword from Sumerian, would have not shown up in Hebrew in the form attested. Regardless of the ultimate derivation of the word, the meaning of Isaiah 29:1–2 seems to be that Jerusalem, here (prophetically?) called Ariel, is to become like the altar, i.e., a scene of holocaust. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: de Vaux, Anc Isr, 412–3; E. Kissane, The Book of Isaiah, 1 (1960), 362–3; EM, 1 (1955), 558–60. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Blenkinsopp, Isaiah 1–39 (ab; 2000), 399–402; S. Muenger, in: DDD, 88–89. (Tikva S. Frymer)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ariel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ariel, etimológicamente de אֲרִיאֵל, en hebreo estándar Ariel, es un nombre unisex que significa León de Dios . Contenido 1 Personas 2 Personajes de ficción 3 Publicaciones …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ariel — (hebr. „Feuerherd Gottes“) steht für: Ariel (Engel), ein Engel Ariel (Vorname), ein Vorname Ariel (Luftgeist), eine literarische Figur in Shakespeares Der Sturm, Goethes Faust II und Alexander Popes Der Lockenraub Ariel (Lyrik), ein Gedicht und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ariel VI — Ariel VI …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ariel VI — war ein britisch amerikanischer Röntgensatellit, entwickelt in Zusammenarbeit des britischen Science Research Council und der NASA. Ariel VI (vor dem Start UK6 genannt) wurde am 2. Juni 1979 mit einer Scout Rakete von der Wallops Flight Facility… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ariel V — était un télescope spatial anglo américain destiné à l observation du ciel dans le domaine des rayons X. Il a été envoyé le 15 octobre 1974 de la plateforme San Marco, située dans l océan Indien, et a été actif jusqu en 1980 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ariel — (рус. Ариэль) торговая марка компании Procter Gamble, выпускающая под этим брендом порошки и гели для стирки белья. На российском рынке торговая марка появилась в 1993 году. Ассортимент Ariel для ручной стирки: Регулярный Горный родник Ariel для… …   Википедия

  • Ariel V — war ein britisch amerikanischer Röntgensatellit der 1970er Jahre, entwickelt in Zusammenarbeit des britischen Science Research Council und der NASA. Ariel V (vor dem Start UK5 genannt) wurde am 15. Oktober 1974 von der San Marco Plattform vor der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ariel V — Организация: Science Research Council (UK), GSFC/NASA (USA) Волновой диапазон: Рентгеновские лучи NSSDC ID: 1974 077A Местонахождение: Геоцентрическая орбита Тип орбиты: Низкоапогейная Высота орбит …   Википедия

  • ariel — ⇒ARIEL, subst. masc. LITT. [P. réf. au nom du génie de l air dans la pièce la Tempête de Shakespeare, ou d un ange rebelle dans le Paradis perdu de Milton, ou du chef des Sylphes dans la Boucle de cheveux enlevée de Pope] Être aérien et poétique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ARIEL — (Heb. אֲרִיאֵל), town in Samaria, in the administered territories, 40 km. east of Tel Aviv and 65 km. from Jerusalem. Founded in 1978 by 40 families of defense and aviation industry workers, it received municipal status in 1998. In 1996 Ariel s… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”